Walking backwards for rehabilitation
“When treating patients with cLBP, doctors of chiropractic commonly prescribe rehabilitation/exercise programs to improve motor control, muscle strengthening, stretching, and aerobic capacity. One such exercise that may be recommended is walking backwards. Compared with walking forward, studies have shown that walking backward can lead to better results with respect to cardiovascular fitness and MF muscle activation (which as noted previously, are often weaker in cLBP patients).
Additionally, walking backwards works the lower limb muscles to a greater degree while reducing stress on the patellofemoral joint (the kneecap). This is important, as knee pain can commonly co-occur with low back pain, especially in patients who are overweight/obese. Walking backwards also stretches the hamstrings, which are often short/tight in cLBP patients.
So not only can walking backwards benefit patients who already have back pain but adding this activity to your exercise regimen may also reduce the risk for low back pain in the first place!”